Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Larestan University of Medical Sciences

The effect of an education program based on protection motivation theory (PMT) on improving nutritional performance of elderly people

(2016) The effect of an education program based on protection motivation theory (PMT) on improving nutritional performance of elderly people. Research Journal of Medical Sciences. pp. 97-101. ISSN 18159346 (ISSN)

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Abstract

A theory-based education program can increase the participation of elderly people in terms of good nutritional behaviors. This study aimed at assessing the effect of an education program based on Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) on improving nutritional performance of elderly people. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 200 elderly people over 60 years of age in the city of Hamadan in early April in 2015. The PMT-based questionnaire and a checklist of food groups were modified based on Iranian culture. According to experts, the questionnaire received adequate scores in terms of CVR and CVI within the acceptable range and its Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated by 83. The education program was conducted in the form of lectures and group discussions via brainstorming method and the data were collected before and 2 months after the implementation of the intervention. The data were also analyzed using measures of central tendency, dispersion, independent and paired t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Chi-square and correlation coefficient at a 95 confidence level. Following the educational intervention, the results of the paired t-test showed that the mean scores of knowledge, behavior, protection-motivation, fear, perceived severity and the items of food frequency questionnaire had increased significantly in the experimental group, unlike the control group, compared to the mean scores before the educational intervention (p<0/001). This study revealed that the PMT-based education program had an effect on the improvement of nutritional performance of the elderly people; however, further investigations in other age and gender groups as well as using other educational methods were also recommended. © Medwell Journals, 2016.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Elderly people Health education Nutritional Performance Protection motivation theory (PMT) adult aged analysis of variance brainstorming checklist control group controlled study correlation coefficient education program experimental model fear female food frequency questionnaire gender human major clinical study male motivation quasi experimental study Student t test theoretical model
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental Health Engineering
Page Range: pp. 97-101
Journal or Publication Title: Research Journal of Medical Sciences
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 10
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3923/rjmsci.2016.97.101
ISSN: 18159346 (ISSN)
Depositing User: خانم موهبت شیوخی
URI: http://eprints.larums.ac.ir/id/eprint/161

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