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Larestan University of Medical Sciences

The effect of genistein on insulin resistance, inflammatory factors, lipid profile, and histopathologic indices in rats with polycystic ovary syndrome

(2021) The effect of genistein on insulin resistance, inflammatory factors, lipid profile, and histopathologic indices in rats with polycystic ovary syndrome. Clinical and experimental reproductive medicine. pp. 236-244. ISSN 2233-8233 (Print) 2093-8896 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34488288

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hyperandrogenism, irregular menstruation, ovulatory dysfunction, and insulin resistance. Recent studies have reported the possible role of phytoestrogens in PCOS. This animal study aimed to evaluate the effects of genistein on insulin resistance, inflammatory factors, lipid profile, and histopathologic indices on PCOS. METHODS: PCOS was induced by 1 mg/kg of letrozole in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats then received normal saline (PCOS group), 150 mg/kg of metformin, or 20 mg/kg of genistein dissolved in 1 methylcellulose solution for 42 days. Body weight, the glycemic and lipid profile, and inflammatory, antioxidative, and histopathological parameters were assessed at the end of the intervention. RESULTS: Treatment with genistein significantly alleviated the increased level of fasting blood insulin (p=0.16) and the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (p=0.012). In addition, the genistein group had significantly lower levels of serum malondialdehyde (p=0.039) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (p=0.003), and higher superoxide dismutase enzyme activity (p<0.001). Furthermore, the histopathological analysis indicated that genistein administration led to an increase in luteinization and the development of fewer cysts (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Biochemical and histopathological analyses indicated that genistein administration to rats with PCOS induced significant remission in oxidative, inflammatory, and glycemic and histopathologic parameters.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Genistein Inflammation Insulin resistance Metformin Phytoestrogen Polycystic ovary syndrome
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Nutrition
Page Range: pp. 236-244
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical and experimental reproductive medicine
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 48
Number: 3
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5653/cerm.2020.04231
ISSN: 2233-8233 (Print) 2093-8896 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.larums.ac.ir/id/eprint/381

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