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Larestan University of Medical Sciences

Knowledge and Attitudes of University Students Towards Hookah Smoking in Fasa, Iran

(2018) Knowledge and Attitudes of University Students Towards Hookah Smoking in Fasa, Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. ISSN 1735-8639

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Abstract

Background: The habit of hookah smoking is increasing among the youth, which requires more attention. Objectives: This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitudes of university students towards hookah smoking in Fasa, Iran, based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Methods: This study was conducted on 157 university students in Fasa, Fars Province, Iran, in 2015. The data were collected using a questionnaire including demographic information and TPB constructs. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS version 19 statistical software and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The results showed that 80 of the students had plans for the cessation of hookah smoking. Additionally, a significant difference was found among the students of different universities regarding the scores of attitude (P = 0.003) and behavioral intention (P = 0.005). Moreover, the results of Mann-Whitney test showed that the scores of behavioral intention and attitude were higher among male participants (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.004, respectively). However, females obtained significantly higher scores regarding peer opinion (P < 0.001). Although the students believed that quitting smoking could help prevent many diseases, they continued hookah smoking because they thought it was non-addictive, relieved anxiety and fatigue, and its cessation might lead to the loss of contact with friends. Conclusions: Interventions for the cessation of hookah smoking should be based on elimination of positive attitudes toward hookah smoking and promotion of refusal skills, relaxation, and skills to cope with the temptation of hookah smoking.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: attitude hookah smoking students theory of planned behavior waterpipe smoking planned behavior medical-students tobacco smoking youth smoking dependence alcohol syria
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Department of Nursing
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.11676.
ISSN: 1735-8639
Depositing User: خانم موهبت شیوخی
URI: http://eprints.larums.ac.ir/id/eprint/40

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