Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Larestan University of Medical Sciences

The effects of high fructose fruits and honey on the serum level of metabolic factors and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

(2021) The effects of high fructose fruits and honey on the serum level of metabolic factors and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders. pp. 1647-1654.

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Abstract

Introduction The effect of the natural sources of fructose such as high fructose fruits and honey on the risk of fatty liver is still challenging. This study aimed to compare the effect of fructose, high fructose fruits, and honey on the metabolic factors and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods Forty-four rats were divided into four groups including normal diet group, high fructose group (HF), high fructose fruits group (HFF), and honey group (HO). After 120 days of intervention, the levels of insulin resistance, hepatic enzyme, and lipid profile were measured. Also, the expression levels of the acetyl-coA carboxylase (ACC), sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c), Interleukin 6 (IL-6), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) genes were assessed. In addition, a histopathologic assessment was performed on liver tissues. Results Insulin resistance (IR) increased significantly in the HF, HFF, and HO groups (All P < 0.05). The levels of liver enzymes was significantly increased only in the group receiving the HF regimen (P < 0.01). A significant decrease in total cholesterol and HDL-C (high density lipoprotein cholesterol) levels was found in HO group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of ACC and SREBP-1c genes in HF, HFF, and HO groups were significantly higher than the control group (All P < 0.05). The HF group had a greater increase in the level of gene expression of IL-6 and TGF-beta (All P < 0.05). Histopathological assessment did not find any changes in fatty liver formation and inflammatory damage. Conclusion Consumption of fructose-rich honey and fruits improved the status of inflammatory markers and liver enzymes compared with the industrial fructose-rich products.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Fructose Non-alcoholic fatty liver Inflammatory markers oxidative stress vegetable intake risk association consumption prevalence insulin adiponectin adolescents activation Endocrinology & Metabolism
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Nutrition
Page Range: pp. 1647-1654
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 20
Number: 2
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-021-00916-x
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.larums.ac.ir/id/eprint/405

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