Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Larestan University of Medical Sciences

( )Efficient sonophotocatalytic degradation of acid blue 113 dye using a hybrid nanocomposite of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles loaded on multi-walled carbon nanotubes

(2022) ( )Efficient sonophotocatalytic degradation of acid blue 113 dye using a hybrid nanocomposite of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles loaded on multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology a-Chemistry. p. 13. ISSN 1010-6030

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Abstract

Complete degradation of acid blue 113 (AB113) dye was successfully achieved by using the sonophotocatalytic process with CoFe2O4 nanoparticles loaded on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs/CoFe2O4), as a novel catalyst. The catalyst used was synthesized using the solvothermal co-precipitation method. First, the characteristic parameters of the synthesized catalyst were evaluated using advanced analyses of Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX), Thermogravimetric (TGA), Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The results of the sonophotocatalytic degradation experiments showed that the optimum parameters for 100 AB113 removal were: AB113 concentration = 25 mg/L, pH = 3, MWCNTs/CoFe2O4 dose = 0.4 g/L, reaction time = 40 min, intensity of UV light = 36 W, and intensity of ultrasonic waves = 50 kHz. To identify the utility of using MWCNTs/CoFe2O4 as a catalyst, the degradation efficiencies of AB113, resulting from the sonophotocatalytic process, were compared with those determined from other similar treatment processes, that is, adsorption, photolysis, sonolysis, and sonocatalytic and photocatalytic processes, where the sonophotocatalytic process was found to be the most efficient one. Catalyst recycling was performed in eight degradation-regeneration cycles, whereas, a total reduction of 9 was observed in removal efficiency after the 8th cycle. The results showed that the AB113 dye, which was a non-biodegradable contaminant, became almost a biodegradable compound after subjection to sonophotocatalytic treatment. The results also demonstrated a high mineralization rate of the applied treatment method. In addition, a toxicity test was performed using Daphna Magna, and the results indicated a low toxicity of the AB113 dye effluent. The results of this study clarified that the sonophotocatalytic process system using MWCNTs/CoFe2O4 could be a feasible and cost-effective system for degrading dyes, for example, AB113.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: MWCNTs/CoFe2O4 Sonophotocatalytic process Acid Blue 113 dye Degradation efficiency Toxicity Recycle photocatalytic degradation aqueous-solution methyl-orange rhodamine-b uv-light azo dyes removal tio2 adsorption oxidation Chemistry
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental Health Engineering
Page Range: p. 13
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology a-Chemistry
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 424
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2021.113617
ISSN: 1010-6030
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.larums.ac.ir/id/eprint/419

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